Today's Veterinary Practice

JUL-AUG 2014

Today's Veterinary Practice provides comprehensive information to keep every small animal practitioner up to date on companion animal medicine and surgery as well as practice building and management.

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Today's Veterinary Practice July/August 2014 10 PeT HealTH by THe Numbers tvpjournal.com Brought to you in partnership with: I n each issue of Today's Veterinary Practice, Pet Health by the Numbers correlates specific article topics with statistics provided by Banfield Pet Hospital (banfield.com). These statistics are extracted from data collected from the medical records of nearly 2.3 million dogs and 470,000 cats presented to more than 850 Banfield Pet Hospitals in 2013. Note that these data are based on diagnoses made by the patients' veterinarians. Learn more about data collection by reading Welcome to Pet Health by the Numbers (January/February 2014 issue) and Key Findings from the State of Pet Health Report 2014 (May/June 2014 issue), both available at tvpjournal.com. Article Q&A: THE USE OF MEDICATIONS IN CANINE BEHAVIOR THERAPY (page 63) The following tables outline the top 5 behavior problems diagnosed in dogs, categorized by age and size, as a percentage of total pets presented to banfield Pet Hospitals in 2013 in each category. Path to Pet Wellness : This large data set presents an excellent opportunity to quantify behavior problems in dogs, but the numbers presented may underestimate prevalence. If owners do not report behavioral issues on presentation, a diagnosis may not be made and, ideally, clear criteria should be documented for each diagnosis. based on this data, the most common behavior problems in dogs—among all ages and sizes—were aggression and fear/anxiety. In contrast, one study reported that 15.6% of dogs in a general veterinary caseload had bitten a person. 1 aggression has consistently been the most common problem in dogs referred to veterinary behaviorists and may be directed toward other animals as well as people. 2 —Ilana Reisner, DVM, Diplomate ACVB PREVAlENCE OF CANINE BEHAVIOR PROBlEMS BY AgE (2013) Behavior Diagnosis Juvenile (< 1 year) Young Adult (1–3 years) Mature Adult (3–10 years) geriatric (> 10 years) TOTAl NUMBER 543,445 575,193 1,100,183 251,143 Aggressive Behavior 1.01% 2.29% 2.18% 1.63% Fear/Anxiety 0.63% 1.46% 1.09% 0.57% Separation Anxiety 0.15% 0.36% 0.33% 0.28% Coprophagia 0.55% 0.16% 0.07% 0.06% Submissive Urination 0.37% 0.27% 0.12% 0.02% PREVAlENCE OF CANINE BEHAVIOR PROBlEMS BY SIzE (2013) Behavior Diagnosis Toy/Small (< 20 lb) Medium (20 to < 50 lb) large (50 to < 90 lb) giant (≥ 90 lb) TOTAl NUMBER 1,160,457 614,312 472,237 44,469 Aggressive Behavior 1.97% 1.92% 2.01% 2.01% Fear/Anxiety 0.74% 1.28% 1.51% 1.20% Separation Anxiety 0.23% 0.37% 0.39% 0.32% Coprophagia 0.25% 0.14% 0.17% 0.14% Submissive Urination 0.11% 0.29% 0.32% 0.26% References 1. Guy NC, Luescher UA, Dohoo SE, et al. Demographic and aggressive characteristics of dogs in a general veterinary caseload. Appl Anim Behav Sci 2001; 74:15-28. 2. Bamberger M, Houpt KA. Signalment factors, comorbidity, and trends in behavior diagnoses in dogs: 1,644 cases (1991-2001). JAVMA 2006; 229:1591-1601.

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