Today's Veterinary Practice

SEP-OCT 2018

Today's Veterinary Practice provides comprehensive information to keep every small animal practitioner up to date on companion animal medicine and surgery as well as practice building and management.

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PEER REVIEWED 64 SEPTEMBER/OCTOBER 2018 8. Etue SM, Penninck DG, Labato MA, et al. Ultrasonography of the normal feline pancreas and associated anatomic landmarks: a prospective study of 20 cats. Vet Radiol Ultrasound 2001;42(4):330- 336. 9. Larson MM, Panciera DL, Ward DL, et al. Age-related changes in the ultrasound appearance of the normal feline pancreas. Vet Radiol Ultrasound 2005;46(3):238-242. 10. Hecht S, Penninck DG, Mahony OM, et al. Relationship of pancreatic duct dilation to age and clinical findings in cats. Vet Radiol Ultrasound 2006;47(3):287-294. 11. Kemp SD, Panciera DL, Larson MM, et al. A comparison of hepatic sonographic features and histopathologic diagnosis in canine liver disease: 138 cases. J Vet Intern Med 2013;27(4):806-813. A B C D F E G Figure 14. Gastrointestinal tract of a normal cat. (A) The fundus, seen in short-axis view, is empty, and the normally prominent hyperechoic submucosal layer (white arrowhead) can be appreciated. (B) The body of the stomach, seen in long-axis view, contains gas with reverberation artifact. The fundus is also included in this image, located to the right, containing prominent rugal folds. (C) The pyloroduodenal angle, similar to that of the dog, is an abrupt transition that is seen closer to the far field of the image. The duodenal (D) and jejunal (E) walls have mucosal layers of similar thickness and so are similar in appearance when their luminal contents contain similar material. (F) The ileocecocolic junction (ICJ) has a prominent hyperechoic submucosal layer and also has an abrupt transition from the ileum and cecum to the colon. The cecum is not depicted in this image. (G) The colon is normally thin walled, as in a dog, and usually contains gas, represented by reverberation artifact in the far field.

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