Today's Veterinary Practice

MAY-JUN 2014

Today's Veterinary Practice provides comprehensive information to keep every small animal practitioner up to date on companion animal medicine and surgery as well as practice building and management.

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Today's Veterinary Practice May/June 2014 14 PeT HealTH by THe Numbers tvpjournal.com Brought to you in partnership with: I n each issue of Today's Veterinary Practice, Pet Health by the Numbers correlates specific article topics with statistics provided by Banfield Pet Hospital (banfield.com). These statistical data are extracted from the medical records of nearly 2.2 million dogs and 460,000 cats presented to more than 800 Banfield Pet Hospitals in 2012 (seizure data) and almost 2.3 million dogs and 470,00 cats presented to more than 850 Banfield Pet Hospitals in 2013 (diabetes data). These data are based on clinical diagnoses made by the patients' veterinarians. It is important to note that the total number of dogs in each category (reproductive, body size) may not be identical because some of the parameters were unavailable in the database. Learn more about Banfield's data collection process by reading Welcome to Pet Health by the Numbers (January/February 2014 issue) at tvpjournal.com. References 1. Baral RM, Rand JS, Catt MJ, et al. Prevalence of feline diabetes mellitus in a feline private practice. J Vet Intern Med 2003; 17:433-434 (abstract). 2. McCann TM, Simpson KE, Shaw DJ, et al. Feline diabetes mellitus in the UK: The prevalence within an insured cat population and a questionnaire-based putative risk factor analysis. J Feline Med Surg 2007; 9:289-299. 3. Lederer R, Rand JS, Jonsson NN, et al. Frequency of feline diabetes mellitus and breed predisposition in domestic cats in Australia. Vet J 2009; 179:254-258. 4. Prahl A, Glickman L, Guptil L, et al. Time trends and risk factors for diabetes mellitus in cats. J Vet Intern Med 2003; 17:434 (abstract). 5. Marmor M, Willeberg P, Glickman LT, et al. Epizootiologic patterns of diabetes mellitus in dogs. Am J Vet Res 1982; 43:465-470. 6. Fall T, Hamlin HH, Hedhammar A, et al. Diabetes mellitus in a population of 180,000 insured dogs: Incidence, survival and breed distribution. J Vet Intern Med 2007; 21:1209-1216 7. Schriefl S, Steinberg TA, Matiasek K, et al. Etiologic classification of seizures, signalment, clinical signs and outcome in cats with seizure disorders: 91 cases (2000- 2004). JAVMA 2008; 233:1591-1597. 8. LeCouteur RA. Seizures and epilepsy. Manual of Small Animal Neurology, 2nd ed. Gloucestershire, UK: BSAVA, 1995. Article JOURNAL CLUB: FOCUS ON DIABETES MELLITUS (page 92) Path to Pet Wellness: This vast dataset confirms that diabetes mellitus is a com- mon disease of middle aged to older dogs and cats, and is more prevalent in the feline population. The data may support the commonly held belief that the preva- lence of feline diabetes is increasing, as the prevalence in this dataset (0.94%) is higher than that reported in some older studies of primary care populations (0.43% to 0.74%). 1-3 Data from u.s. veterinary schools, likely from referral populations of patients, documented an increase in the prevalence of feline diabetes from 1970 (0.08%) to 1999 (1.2%). 4 In this dataset, diabetes in cats is more prevalent in males, which supports prior data. However, in dogs the prevalence in males and females is very simi- lar, contradicting the previously cited strong female predilection. 5,6 Data regarding body condition score would be interesting, as obesity is a known risk factor for diabetes in humans and is likely a risk factor in dogs and cats as well.—Mark P. Rondeau, DVM, Diplomate ACVIM (Small Animal Internal Medicine) PREvALENCE OF DIABETES MELLITUS By SPECIES, AgE, & REPRODUCTIvE STATUS (2013) Dogs Cats AGE & REPRODUCTIVE STATUS POPULATION IN CATEGORY PERCENTAGE WITH DIABETES POPULATION IN CATEGORY PERCENTAGE WITH DIABETES Juvenile (0-1 years) 540,338 0.00% 113,114 0.00% young Adult (1–2 years) 573,769 0.01% 102,153 0.05% Mature Adult (3–10 years) 1,096,153 0.34% 181,827 0.81% geriatric (> 10 years) 249,751 1.32% 91,728 3.16% Neutered Male 857,649 0.40% 205,993 1.36% Spayed Female 853,451 0.33% 202,239 0.72% Intact Male 326,217 0.08% 25,354 0.22% Intact Female 243,722 0.13% 30,216 0.20% PREvALENCE OF CANINE DIABETES MELLITUS By BODy SIzE (2013) DOG SIZE POPULATION IN CATEGORY PERCENTAGE WITH DIABETES Toy/Small (< 20 lb) 1,155,474 0.40% Medium (20 to < 50 lb) 611,618 0.19% Large (50 to < 90 lb) 470,189 0.22% giant (≥ 90 lb) 44,281 0.05% (Pet Health by the Numbers Continues on page 16) TVP_2014-0506_14-17_BanfieldbytheNumbers.indd 14 5/27/2014 3:37:27 PM

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